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Setting up Wi-Fi


There is nothing more reliable than wired Ethernet, so it's better to use it. Wi-Fi with the steel case (on PiKVM V3 and V4) results in poor performance. But who are we to stop you... :)

The following describes how to setup a Wi-Fi connection. We recommend to do this while having a display and keyboard or a serial console connected directly to the Raspberry Pi as you will loose network connectivity once you connect to a Wi-Fi. Alternatively you can connect to the PiKVM via SSH. The built-in Web Terminal (available through the browser) should also work.

Setting up Wi-Fi in the boot config (semi-auto)

Check out this guide guide. It is mandatory if you're using Zero 2 W board. It will useful in most other cases, especially if you have physical access to the memory card.


Devices based on Raspberry Pi Zero 2 W does not support 5GHz Wi-Fi.

Setting up Wi-Fi manually

  1. Make filesystem writable using rw command.

  2. Create Wi-Fi settings file /etc/systemd/network/ with following content:

  3. Set network ESSID and password:

    # wpa_passphrase 'MyNetwork' 'P@assw0rd' > /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant-wlan0.conf
    # chmod 640 /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant-wlan0.conf

    Using Wi-Fi with hidden ESSID

    Add option scan_ssid=1 to /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant-wlan0.conf

    Using 5GHz Wi-Fi in the USA

    Add option country=US to /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant-wlan0.conf

    Block 2ghz or 5ghz

    Add option bssid=xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx to /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant-wlan0.conf within the network={ block

  4. Enable WPA-supplicant service:

    systemctl enable wpa_supplicant@wlan0.service
  5. Make filesystem read-only again using ro command

Useful console commands

  • iwconfig - Manipulate the basic wireless parameters.
  • iwlist - Allow's you to initiate scanning and list frequencies, bit-rates, encryption keys, etc.
  • iwspy - Displays per node link quality.
  • iwpriv - Allow's you to manipulate the Wireless Extensions specific to a driver (private).
Some examples

# iw dev wlan0 scan | egrep "signal:|SSID:" | sed -e "s/\tsignal: //" -e "s/\tSSID: //" | awk '{ORS = (NR % 2 == 0)? "\n" : " "; print}' | sort
# iwlist wlan0 scan | egrep "Cell|ESSID|Signal|Rates"
# iwlist wlan0 scan
# iw wlan0 info

Additional resources